Modern technologies, regarded as pivotal technologies and axes of sustainable development, are the most important findings of the contemporary human being and are the providers of solutions to the problems expected to arise throughout the third millennium. Moreover, the relative position of countries to each other is determined by their potentials in the sphere of modern sciences and technologies. With regard to the considerable relevance of modern technologies in the future of our country, the Faculty of Modern Technologies started its activities with three departments of Nuclear Engineering, Biotechnology Engineering and Nanotechnology Engineering in 2008. The Departments of Nuclear Engineering and Biotechnology Engineering started admitting students to Master’s programs in 2008. The Department of Nanotechnology Engineering started admitting students to Master’s programs in September 2009. The Department of Energy Engineering started admitting students to a program in Renewable Energy Engineering in September 2011. The Faculty of Modern Science and Technologies, in its future prospects, is going to establish departments like Intelligent Systems Engineering, Technologies in Earth Sciences and Science and Technology Strategy Engineering.